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Charged Elements

The words for charged elements (chemical elements that consist of charged fermions, i.e. our periodic table) in Kendane͡ivash follow certain rules.

There are generally two ways to construct the names of these elements - a short form using an -yin base word based purely on the valence shell and electron shell count of the element, and a long form that describes the electron configuration of the element.

Short Form: Valence Shell Electrons and Number Of Electron Shells

The elemental short form often captures all necessary information about an 'element' - at least from a Threadwielder perspective: The total number of electrons in the outermost shell of the atom and the number of shells the atom has (which is almost always the period of the element, with the exception of palladium).

Consequently, there are 8 x 8 elements in the short form periodic table, of which some correspond to more than one of our 'basic elements':

Electrons in valence shell → 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Total electron shells ↓
1 Z1 Z2
human shorthand H He
Kendane͡ivash shorthand zZ zSh
Kendane͡ivash zaj'zyin zaj'shyin
2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 Z8 Z9 Z10
Li Be B C N O F Ne
shZ shSh shS shR shL shH shB shP
shaj'zyin shaj'shyin shaj'syin shaj'ryin shaj'lyin shaj'hyin shaj'byin shaj'pyin
3 Z11 Z12 Z13 Z14 Z15 Z16 Z17 Z18
Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
sZ sSh sS sR sL sH sB sP
saj'zyin saj'shyin saj'syin saj'ryin saj'lyin saj'hyin saj'byin saj'pyin
4 Z19, Z24, Z29 Z20, Z21-23, Z25-28, Z30 Z31 Z32 Z33 Z34 Z35 Z36
K, Cr, Cu Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
rZ rSh rS rR rL rH rB rP
raj'zyin raj'shyin raj'syin raj'ryin raj'lyin raj'hyin raj'byin raj'pyin
5 Z37, Z41-42, Z44-45, Z47 Z38-40, Z43 Z49 Z50 Z51 Z52 Z53 Z54
Rb, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Ag Sr, Y, Zr, Tc In Sn Sb Te I Xe
lZ lSh lS lR lL lH lB lP
laj'zyin laj'shyin laj'syin laj'ryin laj'lyin laj'hyin laj'byin laj'pyin
6 Z55, Z78-79 Z56-Z77, Z80 Z81 Z82 Z83 Z84 Z85 Z86
Cs, Pt, Au lanthanides, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
hZ hSh hS hR hL hH hB hP
haj'zyin haj'shyin haj'syin haj'ryin haj'lyin haj'hyin haj'byin haj'pyin
7 Z87 Z88-102, Z104-112 Z103, Z113 Z114 Z115 Z116 Z117 Z118
Fr actinides except for Lr, Rf, Db, Sg, Rb, Hs, Mt, Ds, Rg, Cn Nh, Lr Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
bZ bSh bS bR bL bH bB bP
baj'zyin baj'shyin baj'syin baj'ryin baj'lyin baj'hyin baj'byin baj'pyin

Palladium does not exist in this periodic table, though it has a name that is constructed by the same rules: raj'qyin (or, since it is the only element with 18 valence electrons, simply referring to it as qyin is sufficiently unambiguous).

So shaj'ryin is an unambiguous reference to carbon, but haj'shyin refers to all lanthanides and some transition metals. Depending on the context, this can completely suffice - but chances are that any scientific discussion will prefer the long form element construction.

Long Form: Electron Configuration

The elemental long form construction is very similar to the human way of describing an atom by its electron configuration, although it discards some information that Threadwielders consider uninteresting in favour of (relative) brevity.

The notation takes note of the number of electrons in the topmost subshell of a certain kind, the number of electron shells that the atom has, and the number of electrons in the outermost (a/k/a valence) shell.

Assume an element has the following configuration:

shell 1 2 3 4 5 6
s-subshell 2 2 2 2 2 2
p-subshell 6 6 6 6
d-subshell 10 10 1
f-subshell 7

(This is gadolinium.)

A Threadwielder would take note of the following data:

highest s-subshell electron count 2
highest p-subshell electron count 6
highest d-subshell electron count 1
highest f-subshell electron count 7
highest g-subshell electron count 0
total shell count 6
highest shell total electron count 2

To derive the notation from this data, the subshell counts would get arranged in the form 2:6:1:7 (trailing zeroes are omitted). The total shell count would then be inserted as an infix into this notation to separate the valence electrons (the electrons contributing to the electron count in the highest shell) from the rest of the notation. In this case, since only 2: contributes to the valence electron count, 6 is infixed after 2: and before :6:1:7, forming the notation 2(6)6:1:7.

The actual words follow this format as well. The fragments have the following form:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
s-shell zy- (shy-)
p-shell -zo- -sho- -so- -ro- -lo- (-ho-)
d-shell -zi- -shi- -si- -ri- -li- -hi- -bi- -pi- -ni- (-mi-)
f-shell -zul -shul -sul -rul -lul -hul -bul -pul -nul -mul
# shells -'zaj'- -'shaj'- -'saj'- -'raj'- -'laj'- -'haj'- -'baj'- -'paj'-
11 12 13 14
f-shell -vul -phul -thul (-tul)

Full subshells can be omitted if they do not introduce ambiguities (e.g. zy'raj'ho can be shortened to zy'raj, but zy'raj'homi has to be shortened to zy'raj'mi) - and often are for brevity's sake. In those constellations where this kind of omission would introduce ambiguities, In this case, at least one omitted subshell should be noted to resolve the ambiguity. See Kr - krypton and Pd - palladium as an example.

Our example from earlier (2(6)6:1:7) would be written in full as shy'haj'hozibul and in brief haj'zibul.

A few more long form examples:

  • hydrogen arranges as 1(1). Its long form elemental name is thus zy'zaj.
  • helium arranges as 2(1). Its long form elemental name is thus shy'zaj, or simply zaj.
  • carbon arranges as 2:2(2). Its long form elemental name is thus shysho'shaj, or simply sho'shaj.
  • krypton arranges as 2:6(4)10. Its long form elemental name is thus shyho'raj'mi, or simply raj'mi (“raj” alone would be ambiguous).
  • palladium arranges as 2:6:10(4). Its long form elemental name is thus shyhomi'raj, or simply mi'raj (“raj” alone would be ambiguous).
  • gold arranges as 1(6)6:10:14. Its long form elemental name is thus zy'haj'homitul, or simply zy'haj'tul.

Note that the long form is not free of what we would consider ambiguities. There are a handful of elements that have an 'ambiguous' notation - it's important to understand these elements are, in fact, the same from a Threadwielder perspective, in the sense that they do not usually have any need to differentiate these. (Should the need arise to differentiate them after all, they will find an informal way, e.g. by finally acknowledging that protons might be relevant.)

Here is a list of the 'ambiguous' elements:

Numeric Notation Elements Electron configuration
1(5)6:10 Rb [Kr] 5s1
Ag [Kr] 4d10 5s1
2(5)6:10 Sr [Kr] 5s2
Cd [Kr] 4d10 5s2
2(6)6:10:14 Yb [Xe] 4f13 6s2
Hg [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
2(7)6:10:14 Ra [Rn] 7s2
No [Rn] 5d14 7s2
Cn [Rn] 5d14 6d10 7s2
2:1(7)10:14 Lr [Rn] 5d14 7s2 7p1
Nh [Rn] 5d14 6d10 7s2 7p1

All of our elements with their long form names (ambiguous entries bolded):

Full long form Brief long form
1 shell
H zy'zaj zy'zaj
He shy'zaj zaj
2 shells
Li zy'shaj zy'shaj
Be shy'shaj shaj
B shyzo'shaj zo'shaj
C shysho'shaj sho'shaj
N shyso'shaj so'shaj
O shyro'shaj ro'shaj
F shylo'shaj lo'shaj
Ne shyho'shaj ho'shaj
3 shells
Na zy'saj'ho zy'saj
Mg shy'saj'ho shy'saj
Al shyzo'saj zo'saj
Si shysho'saj sho'saj
P shyso'saj so'saj
S shyro'saj ro'saj
Cl shylo'saj lo'saj
Ar shyho'saj ho'saj
4 shells
K zy'raj'ho zy'raj
Ca shy'raj'ho shy'raj
Sc shy'raj'hozi raj'zi
Ti shy'raj'hoshi raj'shi
V shy'raj'hosi raj'si
Cr zy'raj'holi zy'raj'li
Mn shy'raj'holi shy'raj'li
Fe shy'raj'hohi raj'hi
Co shy'raj'hobi raj'bi
Ni shy'raj'hopi raj'pi
Cu zy'raj'homi zy'raj'mi
Zn shy'raj'homi shy'raj'mi
Ga shyzo'raj'mi zo'raj
Ge shysho'raj'mi sho'raj
Ar shyso'raj'mi so'raj
Se shyro'raj'mi ro'raj
Br shylo'raj'mi lo'raj
Kr shyho'raj'mi raj'mi
5 shells
Rb zy'laj'homi zy'laj
Sr shy'laj'homi shy'laj
Y shy'laj'hozi laj'zi
Zr shy'laj'hoshi laj'shi
Nb zy'laj'hori zy'laj'ri
Mo zy'laj'holi zy'laj'li
Tc shy'laj'holi shy'laj'li
Ru zy'laj'hobi zy'laj'bi
Rh zy'laj'hopi zy'laj'pi
Pd shyhomi'raj mi'raj
Ag zy'laj'homi zy'laj
Cd shy'laj'homi shy'laj
In shyzo'laj'mi zo'laj
Sn shysho'laj'mi sho'laj
Sb shyso'laj'mi so'laj
Te shyro'laj'mi ro'laj
I shylo'laj'mi lo'laj
Xe shyho'laj'mi ho'laj
6 shells
Cs zy'haj'homi zy'haj
Ba shy'haj'homi shy'haj
La shy'haj'hozi haj'zi
Ce shy'haj'hozizul haj'zizul
Pr shy'haj'homisul haj'sul
Nd shy'haj'homirul haj'rul
Pm shy'haj'homilul haj'lul
Sm shy'haj'homihul haj'hul
Eu shy'haj'homibul haj'mibul
Gd shy'haj'hozibul haj'zibul
Tb shy'haj'hominul haj'nul
Dy shy'haj'homimul haj'mul
Ho shy'haj'homivul haj'vul
Er shy'haj'homiphul haj'phul
Tm shy'haj'homithul haj'thul
Yb shy'haj'homitul haj'tul
Lu shy'haj'hozitul haj'zitul
Hf shy'haj'hoshitul haj'shi
Ta shy'haj'hositul haj'si
W shy'haj'horitul haj'ri
Re shy'haj'holitul haj'li
Os shy'haj'hohitul haj'hi
Ir shy'haj'hobitul haj'bi
Pt zy'haj'honitul zy'haj'ni
Au zy'haj'homitul zy'haj'tul
Hg shy'haj'homitul haj'tul
Tl shyzo'haj'mitul zo'haj
Pb shysho'haj'mitul sho'haj
Bi shyso'haj'mitul so'haj
Po shyro'haj'mitul ro'haj
At shylo'haj'mitul lo'haj
Rn shyho'haj'mitul ho'haj
7 shells
Fr zy'baj'homitul zy'baj
Ra shy'baj'homitul shy'baj
Ac shy'baj'zomitul baj'zo
Th shy'baj'shomitul baj'sho
Pa shy'baj'hozishul baj'zishul
U shy'baj'hozisul baj'zisul
Np shy'baj'hozirul baj'zirul
Pu shy'baj'homilul baj'lul
Am shy'baj'homibul baj'mibul
Cm shy'baj'hozibul baj'zibul
Bk shy'baj'hominul baj'nul
Cf shy'baj'homimul baj'mul
Es shy'baj'homivul baj'vul
Fm shy'baj'homiphul baj'phul
Md shy'baj'homithul baj'thul
No shy'baj'homitul shy'baj
Lr shyzo'baj'mitul zo'baj'tul
Rf shy'baj'hoshitul baj'shi
Db shy'baj'hositul baj'si
Sg shy'baj'horitul baj'ri
Bh shy'baj'holitul baj'li
Hs shy'baj'hohitul baj'hi
Mt shy'baj'hobitul baj'bi
Ds shy'baj'hopitul baj'pi
Rg shy'baj'honitul baj'ni
Cn shy'baj'homitul shy'baj
Nh shyzo'baj'mitul zo'baj'tul
Fl shysho'baj'mitul sho'baj
Mc shyso'baj'mitul so'baj
Lv shyro'baj'mitul ro'baj
Ts shylo'baj'mitul lo'baj
Og shyho'baj'mitul ho'baj

Elements with proper names

(hydrogen, helium, carbon, oxygen, palladium)


Other modifiers

Unstable configurations of elements take modifiers that describe their particular instability. The following modifiers exist:

modifier meaning
proton reduction
identified by Threadwielders as an electromagnetic instability
ntos̈'- decaying through electron capture or positron emission
ra͡is̈'- decaying through proton emission / proton drip
neutron reduction
identified by Threadwielders as a 'heaviness' instability
ntor'- decaying through beta decay
mura͡i'- decaying through neutron emission
overall heaviness reduction
identified by Threadwielders as an overall instability
ma͡is̈'- decaying through alpha decay
kendane͡ivash/elements.txt · Last modified: 2020-01-19 16:19 by pinkgothic